Today’s Dame of the Day is Lakshmi Sahgal (October 24, 1914 – July 23, 2012). After obtaining her medical degree, Sahgal left her native India for Singapore, where she established a free clinic for migrant laborers. During her time abroad, Sahgal became involved with the India Independence League. She established a women’s regiment, marched to Burma, and was arrested by the British army. (She was released after one year.) After India’s independence in 1947, Captain Lakshmi continued to see patients at her medical practice until she was 92 years old.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Naziha al-Dulaimi (1923-2007). As a student, al-Dulaimi was one of a few women who studied medicine at Baghdad’s Royal College of Medicine. When the government transferred her to Kurdistan, al-Dulaimi wrote about her patients’ living conditions in a pamphlet called The Iraqi Woman. Later in her career, she founded the League for Defending Iraqi Woman’s Rights and became a leader in the country’s women’s rights movement.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Hayat Sindi. Sindi grew up in Saudi Arabia but relocated to England to attend medical school. Upon completing her Ph.D in biochemistry, she became the first Muslim woman to earn such a degree from Cambridge University and the first woman from any Arab state to complete a doctoral degree in the field. Today, she splits her time between Harvard University and traveling home to Jeddah; when she’s not conducting research or teaching, Sindi encourages other women from the Muslim world to study science.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Hawa Abdi (May 17, 1947-). Following her high school graduation, a scholarship from the Women’s Committee of the Soviet Union allowed her to study medicine. After she became a mother, Abdi practiced medicine during the day and studied for her law degree at night. Today, Abdi puts both her credentials to use as founder of the Rural Health Development Organization and the Dr. Hawa Abdi Foundation. These organizations offer free and low-cost medical care to Somalian women and children.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Zohra Begum Kazi (October 15, 1912-November 7, 2007). As a student, Kazi studied in India and England to obtain her medical degree and specialize in obstetrics and gynecology; she became the first Bengali Muslim female doctor of India. Yet in spite of her specialized field, Kazi went above and beyond to treat wounded students during the Bengali Language Movement and soldiers injured in the Bangladesh Liberation War. For her efforts in and out of the hospital, Kazi is considered the “Florence Nightingale of Dhaka.”
Today’s Dame of the Day is Jennifer Doudna. As a biochemist, Doudna and her team mapped the three-dimensional structure of the Tetrahymena Group I ribozyme, an integral part of cellular structure. After she relocated from Yale to UC-Berkeley, she divided her time between studying RNA interference, how MicroRNAs impact translation, and the CRISPR system (pockets of DNA with repeating base pairs that, if modified, can impact specific genes).
Today’s Dame of the Day is Olufunmilayo Olopade (1959-). After earning her medical degree in Nigeria, Olopade’s research explored the prevalence BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic markers in breast cancer tumors of African women. By targeting these genetic differences, Olopade’s patients responded better to treatments. In 2005, Olopade won a MacArthur Fellowship.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Nawal M. Nour (1966-). Born in Khartoum, Sudan, Nour earned a medical degree from Harvard Medical School and specialized in gynecology and obstetrics. After completing her residency at Boston’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Nour returned to Harvard to earn a degree in public health. Most recently, she spearheaded the African Women’s Health Practice which targets female genital cutting. In 2oo3, Nour became a MacArthur Fellow.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Lin He (1975-). After earning a Ph.D at Stanford Medical School, He completed a post doctoral fellowship at Cold Spring Habor Laboratory and became a professor at University of California at Berkeley. Her research focuses on how the role non-coding microRNA miR-34 plays in tumor suppression. In 2004, He became a MacArthur Fellow.
Today’s Dame of the Day is Katherine Gottlieb (1952-). After earning a degree in business administration, Gottleib became president and CEO of Southcentral Foundation. SCF provides healthcare to Alaska’s native population; their Nuka model of care extends beyond physical health to encompass psychological, spiritual and cultural needs. In 1999, Alaska became the first state to have all Native American health care covered by Native organizations. Gottlieb won a MacArthur Fellowship in for her work in 2004.